As a conclusion

As a conclusion...

  • Water physiology changes rapidly in the first years of life, and then more slowly to progressively reach adult physiology by adolescence.
  • Despite physiological differences, children and adolescents have a thermoregulatory capacity comparable to adults.
  • Kidneys reach maturity at about two years old, with urine concentrating and diluting capacity equivalent to adults.
  • Mild dehydration (1-2% body weight) has a negative effect on effort tolerance and performance during physical activity, as well as on cognitive functions.
  • Water is a healthy choice at any time. It has no calories, contains no sugars and no additives. As a consequence, improving water intake is increasingly considered as a priority action for healthier lifestyle in children.

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