Water and hydration: Physiological basis in Adults - References
IntroductionWater in the bodyI. Water in the body: content and distributionI.1. Water content of the human bodyI.1.1.Total body waterI.1.2. Water content of different organsI.1.3. Distribution among body compartmentsI.2. Water absorption and distribution in the bodyBody water balanceII. Body water balanceII.1. Body fluid lossesII.1.1. Insensible water lossesII.1.2. Fecal water lossesII.1.3. Sweat productionII.1.4. Urinary water lossesII.2. Body water inputsII.2.1. Metabolic water productionII.2.2. Dietary intakesII.3. The regulation and maintenance of body water balanceII.3.1.Regulation of fluid intake: physiological thirst, social and environmental factorsII.3.2.Regulation of water excretion by the kidneysII.3.3. Body water balance impairments: dehydration and hyponatremiaRecommendationsIII. Recommendations for daily water intakeConclusionReferences
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