PhysiologieI. Caractéristiques de la physiologie de l’eau, de la prime enfance jusqu'à l'adolescenceI.1. Teneur en eau du corpsI.2. Équilibre hydrique du corps I.2.1. Principales pertes en eau chez l'enfantI.2.2. Gains en eauI.3. Régulation del'équilibre hydrique du corpsI.3.1. Régulation par les reinsI.3.2. Mécanisme de la soifI.3.3. ThermorégulationHydratationII. Importance d'une hydratation adéquate pour la santé de l'enfantII.1. Évaluation du risque de déshydratationII.2. Niveau d’hydratation et activité physiqueII.2.1. Effets de la déshydratation au cours de l’activité physiqueII.2.2. Les enfants sont-ils affectés différemment à l'effort comparé aux adultes ? II.2.3. Consommation d'eau et activité physiqueII.3. Niveau d'hydratation et fonction cognitiveII.3.1. Qu'est-ce que la cognition ?II.3.2. Impact de la déshydratation sur la fonction cognitive de l'enfantII.3.3. Effets bénéfiques d'un apport en eau supérieurLe défiIII. Le défi de l’hydratation chez l’enfantIII.1. Apport total en eau et consommation de liquides chez l'enfant III.1.1. Recommendations en matière d'apport total en eauIII.1.2. Consommation de liquides chez l'enfantIII.2. Augmentation de l'apport en eau : un fondement des programmes de sensibilisation des enfants à une hygiène de vie saineIII.2.1. Effets prometteurs de l'apport en eau dans la prévention du surpoidsIII.2.2. Une action prioritaire, en faveur d'une hygiène de vie plus saine chez l'enfantIII.2.3. Action mondiale : exemple de programme de développement à long termeEn conclusionRéférencesQuiz

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