FisiologíaI. Características de la fisiología del agua desde la infancia hasta la adolescenciaI.1. Contenido en agua del cuerpoI.2. Equilibrio de agua corporalI.2.1. Principales pérdidas de agua en niñosI.2.2. Aumento de aguaI.3. Regulación del equilibrio de agua corporalI.3.1. Regulación por los riñonesI.3.2. El mecanismo de la sedI.3.3. TermorregulaciónHidrataciónII. La importancia de una hidratación adecuada para la salud infantilII.1. Evaluación del riesgo de deshidrataciónII.2. Estado hídrico y actividad físicaII.2.1. Efectos de la deshidratación durante la actividad físicaII.2.2. ¿Les afecta a los niños el ejercicio de manera distinta que a los adultos?II.2.3. Consumo de agua y actividad físicaII.3. Estado hídrico y función cognitivaII.3.1. ¿Qué es la cognición?II.3.2. El impacto de la deshidratación en la función cognitiva de los niñosII.3.3. El efecto beneficioso del aumento de la ingesta de aguaEl reto III. El reto de la hidratación en los niñosIII.1. La ingesta total de agua y el consumo de líquidos en niñosIII.1.1. Directrices sobre la ingesta total de aguaIII.1.2. El consumo de fluidos en niñosIII.2. Mejora de la ingesta de agua: una piedra angular de los programas relativos al estilo de vida infantilIII.2.1. El efecto prometedor de la ingesta de agua en la prevención del sobrepesoIII.2.2. Una acción prioritaria para un estilo de vida infantil más saludableIII.2.3. La acción mundial: ejemplo del programa de desarollo a largo plazoConclusiónReferenciasQuiz




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